Delivering Inclusive and Sustainable Development

SAPRIDelivering Inclusive and Sustainable Development
9th and 10th April 2012
Taj Mahal Hotel
Mansingh Road, New Delhi

Inclusive Development: The Challenge of Combating Jobless Growth

Prof. Bibek Debroy 

Prof. Bibek Debroy

The Theme assigned to me is the phenomenon of jobless growth. I live in India and I work in India. Therefore, my familiarity is with issues that are Indian, However, some of the remarks that I will make probably have relevance also in several countries of the South Asian Region, though not all of them, because South Asia itself is a slightly heterogeneous group.

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Global/European Crises:Implications for South Asia

Dr. Yaga Venugopal Reddy

Dr. Yaga Venugopal Reddy

The Theme assigned to me is the phenomenon of jobless growth. I live in India and I work in India. Therefore, my familiarity is with issues that are Indian, However, some of the remarks that I will make probably have relevance also in several countries of the South Asian Region, though not all of them, because South Asia itself is a slightly heterogeneous group.

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State and Societal Failure to Provide Equal Access to Growth and Employment: The Challenge of Economic Inclusiveness

Dr.Shahid Kardar

Shahid Kardar

As already argued in the other paper, the structural features of Pakistan’s economy – the structures that influence the functioning of markets and the access to resources, the pattern of ownership of productive assets, the role of state institutions that affects access to scarce public goods and services, and, the policies embedded in the adjustment lending by the multilateral agencies- have impeded the potential of the growth process to reduce high levels of poverty.

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The Role of Human Development in Economic Transformation – Lessons from Mauritius

President Cassam Uteem

Cassam

Let me tell you what I understand by sustainable development. Too often we tend to conceive development entirely in terms of economic growth. And yet, development should in no way be confused with economic growth although they are inextricably connected. Development transcends the narrow concept of a rise in GDP or, per capita income.

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Delivering Basic Services: The Unfinished Agenda for South Asia

Dr. Shekhar Shah

Shekhar Shah

Having lived and worked in Sri Lanka for many years, it is really wonderful to see a Sri Lankan Institute making its presence felt in Delhi and I hope that this will, as Pratap Mehta said in the morning, lead to a trend where we actually do show up institutionally, not individually, as people representing institutions in each other’s Capitals.

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Resting on our laurels: Human Development, Sri Lanka’s Successes and Challenges

Ms. Priyanthi Fernando

Ms. Priyanthi Fernando

Sri Lanka has some impressive human development indicators compared to its South Asian neighbours. In the UNDP’s Human Development Ranking, Sri Lanka is ranked 97th, higher than India (134th) or Pakistan, or Bangladesh (145th and 146th) or Nepal (157th) (UNDP, 2011).

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Group Inequalities in Post – Conflict Societies

Dr. Rajesh Venugopal

Dr. Rajesh Venugopal

What kinds of economic policies will help sustain a peace process and promote longer-tem stability and reconciliation in deeply divided post-conflict societies? Have post-conflict policies designed by aid agencies and national governments been sensitive to the issue of horizontal inequalities or group-based ethnic and regional differences, and what has been their impact?

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Religion and Languages – Challenges or Opportunities for Inclusive Societies

Dr. Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu

Dr. Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu

The topic that has been assigned to me is “Language & Religion”. A lot of fire and brimstone could accompany any presentation on this topic. I shall try to desist from that and make some general comments on the issue of language and religion and relate them specifically to the topic of ‘Inclusive & Sustainable Development’.

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Challenging the Injustice of Poverty: Agendas for Inclusive Development in South Asia

Prof. Rehman Sobhan

Prof. Rehman Sobhan

The global discourse on poverty has moved on from the more basic tasks of meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the greater challenge of making development more inclusive. Inclusive growth/ development is the new buzz word of the international development community and is also part of the policy agenda of many governments, particularly in South Asia.

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Joining the Dots – Making the Link Between Social Inclusion and Economic Progress

Steve Killelea

Steve Killelea

It is a pleasure talk about the Institute for Economics and Peace, the global think tank which has offices in Sydney, New York and Washington DC. The Institute was established to understand the intersection between business, peace, and economics with a special emphasis on how to measure peace and violence. Developing conceptual frameworks to understand the way in which peace operates is also a priority.

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Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict:Review of CRISE Findings

Prof. Frances Stewart

Prof. Frances Stewart

Violent conflict within countries is a major problem in the world today, although there has been some decline since 1990 (Figure 1). Such conflicts are often fought along ethnic or religious lines, especially since the end of the Cold War when the identity basis of conflicts became more explicit. These conflicts are a major cause of underdevelopment and poverty and those concerned with promoting development must therefore give urgent priority to conflict prevention.

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Polarization in Pakistan: The Structural Blowback

Dr. Shahid Kardar

Shahid Kardar

Pakistan has one of the worst social indicators among even developing countries. This, combined with an elite that is not willing to give up the slightest of privileges to maintain its hold over the key social and economic instruments of power, has resulted in the creation of a highly unjust social order. On the one hand, disparities of incomes and assets continued to widen and on the other hand the social and economic structures have failed to provide adequate, let alone equal, opportunities for the less affluent segments of the population to either participate or gain meaningfully from the process of growth and the improvements in living standards and prospects for employment.

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Horizontal Inequalities and Conflict

Lord Meghnad Desai

Lord Meghnad Desai

South Asia has been the theatre of many violent horizontal conflicts. Some of these conflicts have been in the public domain and murderously so. But there are others which are subterranean yet persistent. The public conflicts are inter-communal while the quiet ones are personal/familial, intra-communal but universal across all communities. The principal of these latter types are gender conflicts.

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Building Equality In The Process of Democratic Transition

His Excellency Alberto Lacalle

Alberto Lacalle

Thank you every one thank you all madam Kumaratunga and your organization Center for policy Research and the friends colleagues of the Club de Madrid Mind you, I was elected and served as President ages ago, 22 years, 22 years and this time of the world. And facts have happened, things have happened in the world is very very far away, So I am afraid some of the parts of the experience I will give you is a historical in the real sense, experience. And I also must thank Clem (Dr. Clem McCartney) for his suggestions.

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Discordant Voices: The Liberal Dilemma in Responding to  Illiberal Voices

His Excellency Andres Pastrana Agango Former President of Colombia

Pastrana Agango

I am former President of Colombia elected in 1998 and my term was only till 2002. At that time we do not have presidential re-elections in the country. Now we have changed the constitution and there is the possibility for the President to be re-elected. As you will know Colombia is a country with a 45 million population and the fourth largest country in South America. We hope that through the efforts that we have made, we really have what we are talking to you about, an Inclusive and Sustainable Society, and Development in my country.

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Inclusive Growth through Inclusive Governance

Mani Shankar Aiyar

Shankar Aiyar

It is curious but true that although from the time of Mahatma Gandhi leading the struggle for Independence to the present day there has been extensive recognition in India of the imperative of effective Panchayat Raj (local self-government) for both deepening India’s democracy and making its development processes “inclusive”, that is, ensuring that the people at large, and especially the poor, are tangibly benefitted by the growth process. The actual progress in securing this goal has been fitful, uncertain and not sustained.

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“Nature of the State & its Role in Building Equitable & Inclusive Societies”

Dr. Ram Manikkalingam

Dr. Ram Manikkalingam

Thank you Pratap Bhanu Mehta from CPR and Carlos Westendorp of Club de Madrid and President Kumaratunga for inviting me here. I think I am here because I used to have the privilege and the pain of advising President Kumaratunga when we were working on the peace process with the Tamil Tigers. And when she makes an offer I could not really refuse. So it is a pleasure and a privilege to participate in this seminar.

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Polarization to Engagement – Achieving Partnership

Prof. Pratap Bhanu Mehta

Pratap Bhanu Mehta

A couple of preliminary remarks, number one, I think one of the good things of this session has been that it has put on the table very clearly something that everybody knows about: i.e. democracy. But nobody admits that democracy is an inherently conservative force. That is one of the reasons why elites always loved this. I mean it is a self-consciously antirevolutionary, anti-structural change force.

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Education and Post-Colonial State Building : Need for a New Perspective

Prof. Gamini Keerawella

Prof. Gamini Keerawella

Education as a catalyst for change is widely accepted and given great importance in the contemporary political discourse relating to national integration. It has often been emphasized that education builds mutual respect, tolerance and trust, and, promotes social cohesion. In addition to the promotion of these ‘threshold values’ of, and for, a civilized society, it is often argued that education can develop necessary skills for conflict prevention and peaceful resolution of conflicts.

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Negotiating a Shared Society :  The Critical Importance of Emotions

Daniel L. Shapiro, Ph.D.

Daniel L. Shapiro, Ph.D

While globalization enchants with its promise of increased interconnectivity and opportunity, that promise has not been fulfilled. To be sure, pockets of the world have benefited from globalization. But a large proportion of the world –in a vast number of societies–remains marginalized, deprived of access to opportunities for advancement.

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